Periodontal disease affects many dogs that do not receive appropriate preventative dental care. It is divided into four stages depending on the severity of disease. Minerals within your dog’s saliva become stuck to his or her teeth and harden to form dental calculus. This causes inflammation of the gums, which can weaken the periodontal ligament that holds each tooth in place. Bacteria can then gain entry to the tooth roots, resulting in loose teeth and root decay. This can become painful for your dog, especially during meal time. A foul smell permeating from your dog’s mouth can also provide a clue that something is amiss.
If you suspect there may be an issue within your dog’s mouth, a visit to your veterinarian is recommended. If there is only mild dental calculus present, at-home dental care may be started to prevent progression of disease.
Here are some helpful tips to ensure your dog’s teeth stay fresh and clean.
- Brush their teeth! In most dogs, tooth brushing is actually quite simple. Enzymatic toothpaste specifically designed for dogs is available online or at pet stores. Brushing once daily before bedtime can remove food and plaque from their teeth so that it doesn’t calcify overnight.
- Use a dental rinse. This involves simply squirting some rinse into both cheeks so that it contacts the teeth. These rinses typically contain chlorhexidine as an ingredient which reduces bacteria that can lead to gum disease. Although less effective than brushing, it is a good option in some dogs.
- Give them a dental chew. Rawhides or Greenies are great for scraping the plaque off of teeth as your dog chews them. Just be diligent about supervising your dog so that a large piece is not swallowed which could be a choking hazard or cause an intestinal blockage.
- Feed a large, dry kibble. There are specific diets formulated to reduce plaque buildup on teeth, but feeding any dry kibble is beneficial. The large pieces scrape against teeth as your dog chews, which can remove any unwanted plaque before it calcifies.
- Get a professional cleaning. Some veterinary hospitals offer dental radiographs (x-rays) where the doctor can get a good look at what may be happening beneath the roots. A close visual examination is also performed while your dog is under anesthesia which can detect early gum disease and diseased teeth. These teeth can be extracted, and scaling can be performed to remove built-up calculus. The results of a professional cleaning are pretty amazing!
Dental disease is something that often goes unnoticed by pet parents until it progresses to a severe state. By implementing these simple steps, you can ensure your dog’s mouth stays as healthy as it can be!